Java development with VSC

Java on the Raspberry Pi

To use Pi4J V2 you’ll need Java 11 or newer. Luckily this version is included in the current version of Raspberry Pi OS. In the release notes you can see that the version of 2019-06-20 includes OpenJDK Java 11:

2019-06-20:
Based on Debian Buster
Oracle Java 7 and 8 replaced with OpenJDK 11

But you will need to keep in mind this version is only compatible with ARMv7 or higher and doesn’t support all Raspberry Pi board versions. If you have a Raspberry Pi A (version 3), B (version 2 or higher), or Compute (version 3 or higher), you are good to go! For all other boards you will need some additional steps that are described on “Java for ARMv6/7/8”.

If you prepared a microSD card with the latest version of Raspberry Pi OS (full version), as described on “Set up a new Raspberry Pi”, you can check the installed Java version in the terminal. On a board with ARMv7 or ARMv8 you will get this result:

$ java -version
openjdk version "11.0.3" 2019-04-16
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 11.0.3+7-post-Raspbian-5)
OpenJDK Server VM (build 11.0.3+7-post-Raspbian-5, mixed mode)

If you get an error like below, you’ll need to follow the steps described on “Java for ARMv6/7/8”.

$ java -version
Error occurred during initialization of VM
Server VM is only supported on ARMv7+ VFP

Maven

Pi4J is using Maven as build tool, this allows you to compile your code with the required modules into JAR-file thanks to the pom.xml configuration file which you can find in the root of a project. We need to install Maven and can do this with a single command, after which we can immediately check the installation by requesting the version:

$ sudo apt install maven
$ mvn -v
Apache Maven 3.6.0
Maven home: /usr/share/maven

Visual Studio Code

Visual Studio Code (VSC) is the free IDE (Integrated Developer Environment) by Microsoft. It’s designed as a universal tool that you can use for multiple programming languages with extensions. On your Raspberry Pi open a web browser, go to the “VSC Download page (code.visualstudio.com/Download)" and select the “Linux .deb ARM” version.

When the download is finished, open a terminal, go to the Download directory and install the downloaded deb-file like this:

$ cd /home/pi/Downloads
$ sudo apt install ./code_1.53.0-1612367698_armhf.deb 

Since 02/2021 there is even an easier way, as Visual Studio Code is now available as a Raspberry Pi OS apt package. Use the following commands:

$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt install code -y